# A pair of fair dice is rolled once. suppose that you lose ​$8 if the dice sum to 3 and win ​$ 13 if the dice sum to 10 or 12. how much should you win or lo

Mathematics

## Question

A pair of fair dice is rolled once. suppose that you lose ​$8 if the dice sum to 3 and win ​$ 13 if the dice sum to 10 or 12. how much should you win or lose if any other number turns up in order for the game to be​ fair?

• ### 1. User Answers MsEHolt

You should lose $1.20 for any other outcome to make it a fair game. There are 2 ways to get a sum of 3 out of 36 outcomes; this probability is 2/36. There are 4 ways to get a sum of 10 or 12 out of 36 outcomes; this probability is 4/36. There are 36-(2+4) = 36-6 = 30 other outcomes out of 36; this probability is 30/36. We lose$8 if we get a sum of 3; this expected value is -8(2/36) = -16/36.
We win $13 if we get a sum of 10 or 12; this expected value is 13(4/36) = 52/36. Using x as the amount we win or lose for the other outcomes, the expected value is 30x/36. In order to be a fair game, the amount we win and/or lose should come outto($0 total.

Together we have the equation
-16/36+52/36+30x/36 = 0

(-16+52+30x)/36 = 0
(30x+36)/36 = 0

Multiplying both sides by 36,
30x+36=0*36
30x+36=0

Subtracting 36 from both sides,
30x+36-36=0-36
30x=-36

Dividing both sides by 30,
30x/30 = -36/30
x=-36/30 = -1.2

Thus we should lose \$1.20 for any other roll.